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Migraines are a type of headache that cause severe, throbbing pain, often accompanied by nausea, vomiting, and sensitivity to light (photophobia) or sound (phonophobia). Migraine headaches generally last between four and 72 hours. Many people experience certain symptoms prior to the onset of the head pain. Symptoms that precede and herald an upcoming headache are referred to as an "aura," and usually last under an hour.
Symptoms of an aura include:
You are most likely to begin developing migraine headaches between age 10 and 40, and your risk for having migraine headaches is three times greater if you're a woman. Many women find that their migraines improve or disappear altogether after age 50.
Research has not completely explained how migraine headaches develop. People who suffer from migraines have brain cells that seem to be overly sensitive to stimulation. Stimulation that has no effect on others -- such as intense emotion, overexertion, foods, odors, or sounds -- sets off a series of events in the brain of migraine sufferers that result in blood vessels first narrowing (constricting) and then widening (dilating). Chemicals are released which cause inflammation and pain. The tendency to develop migraine headaches appears to be hereditary. In fact, more than 50% of people who get migraines have other family members who also suffer from migraines.
Migraine triggers can include:
Migraine headaches are also common just before the start of each menstrual period, leading researchers to suspect that a lack of estrogen may lead to the development of migraines in women. Migraines often lessen during the early part of pregnancy, perhaps due to increased estrogen. Some women, however, continue to have problems with migraine throughout their pregnancy.
There are a number of ways to treat tension headaches without medicine. Consider these: Biofeedback. This process uses an electronic machine to measure how well your body relaxes. It's a way to train yourself to ease a tension headache. Cognitive behavioral therapy. A therapist can help you figure out which thoughts and beliefs might be causing stress that leads to headache. There are other options available like massage, chiropractic, and acupuncture. These therapies can be helpful when used with medication. Some people find relief with these treatments alone. Ask Connections Achievement and Therapy if these options will work for you!